Symbol of Royality . King of Forest. Tigers are the largest members of the cat family and are renowned for their power and strength.
International Tiger Day-wed-29thJuly
They have featured prominently in ancient mythology and folklore, and continue to be depicted in modern films and literature. They appear on many flags, coats of arms, and as mascots for sporting teams. The tiger is the national animal of Bangladesh, India, Vietnam, Malaysia and South Korea.
Tigers have distinctive stripes, which help camouflage them when hunting prey. Some tigers have orange fur with black stripes; others are black with tan stripes, white with tan stripes or all white (albino), according to the San Diego Zoo. No two tigers have the same markings on their coats. They are as individual as fingerprints are for humans.
On average, tigers are 4.8 to 9.5 feet (1.5 to 2.9 m) long and weigh 165 to 716 lbs. (75 to 325 kilograms). The largest tigers, the Siberian, also called Amur, are 10.75 feet (3.3 meters) long and weigh 660 lbs. (300 kg), according to National Geographic.
The smallest tiger is the Sumatran tiger. They grow to 5 to 12 feet (1.5 to 3.7 m) and weigh 143-670 lbs. (65-305 kg), according to the Woodland Park Zoo.
Tigers also have very long tails, which can add 2.3 to 3.6 feet (0.7 to 1.1 m) to their overall length.
Tigers live in Asia. Larger subspecies, such as the Siberian tiger, tend to live in northern, colder areas, such as eastern Russia and northeastern China. Smaller subspecies live in southern, warmer countries, such as India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia and Indonesia.
All tigers are carnivores. Most of a tiger’s diet consists of large prey, such as pigs, deer, rhinos or elephant calves. To kill their prey, tigers will clamp down on the animal’s neck with their jaws and suffocate the animal.
Tigers are solitary creatures; they like to spend most of their time alone, roaming their massive territories looking for food. According to the San Diego Zoo, the Siberian tiger has the largest range. Its territory can be more than 4,000 square miles (10,000 square kilometers). Tigers mark their territory by scratching marks into trees with their claws.
Types of Tigers:
Overview of tiger subspecies.There are six subspecies of tigers, bengal tiger, siberian tiger, sumatran tiger, malayan tiger, indochinese tiger, south china tiger.
Bengal Tiger:The Bengal tiger is found in India as well as Bangladesh and it is known to live both in the heated areas of desert and the grasslands where it is wet and cool.
Siberian Tiger:The siberian tiger is the largest of all tigers. As its name implies, it inhabits the region of siberia in Russia.
Sumatran Tiger:You will find the Sumatran Tiger in the island of Sumatra. The Sumatran Tiger is smaller than other species of tigers.
Malayan Tiger:The Malayan Tiger is only found around the Malayan Pennisula.
Indochinese Tiger: The Indochinese Tiger is found in areas of Vietnam, Thailand, China, and Cambodia.
South China Tiger:The South China Tiger features a very vibrant color of orange with black stripes on it.
Extinct Tiger Species:The Balinese Tiger became extinct in 1937 and until that time they resided on the Island of Bali. In the 1950’s the Caspian Tiger became extinct
Tiger Feeding:The tiger is a carnivore which means that they are meat eaters. They tend to find both small and large prey to feed on in the wild.
Tiger Reproduction: Tigers don’t have a set season for reproduction to take place. Instead they are able to engage in the activities throughout the year.
Interesting Facts about TIGERS :
White tigers are more frequently bred in captivity, where the comparatively small gene pool can lead to inbreeding.
The tiger is capable of killing animals over twice its size; it is one of nature’s most feared predators.
Like its ancestor, the sabre-tooth cat, the tiger relies heavily on its powerful teeth for survival. If it loses its canines (tearing teeth) through injury or old age, it can no longer kill and is likely to starve to death.
Tigers live alone and aggressively scent-mark large territories (up to 100sq km in size) to keep their rivals away.
They are powerful nocturnal hunters that travel many miles to find buffalo, deer, wild pigs, and other large mammals. A Bengal tiger can eat 21kg of meat in a night and can kill the equivalent of 30 buffaloes a year.
The roar of a Bengal tiger can carry for over 2km at night.
Although tigers are powerful and fast over short distances, the Bengal tiger cannot outrun fleet footed prey such as deer. Instead it uses stealth to catch its victims; attacking from the side or the rear.
Tigers use their distinctive coats as camouflage (no two have exactly the same stripes).
If the kill is large, the tiger may drag the remains to a thicket and loosely bury it with leaves, then return to it later.
As well as game animals, it preys on wild boar, monkeys, lizards and occasionally porcupines.
Females give birth to litters of two to six cubs, which they raise with little or no help from the male. Cubs cannot hunt until they are 18 months old and remain with their mothers for two to three years, when they disperse to find their own territory.
Like domestic cats, all tigers can purr. Unlike their tame relatives, however, which can purr as they breathe both in and out, tigers purr only as they breathe out.
Although tigers belong in the wild they are still used by travelling circuses in the UK.
Tiger babies, or cubs, are born helpless. At birth, a cub weighs 2.2 pounds (1 kg), and a female may have as many as seven cubs at a time,
Usually, only two survive, though, because the mother must leave the cubs while she hunts, and she cannot kill enough prey to feed so many cubs.
Tiger cubs mature quickly. At 8 weeks old, they are ready to learn how to hunt and go out on hunting expeditions with their mother. At 2 years old, the cubs will set out on their own, and their mother will have another set of cubs. Tigers typically live 14 to 18 years.
Tigers are fantastic swimmers. They can forge rivers and lakes that are 3.7 to 5 miles
Their teeth can be very long, as well. Some tigers have teeth as long as 3 inches (7 cm).
At 3 to 4 years old, males and females are ready to mate. The female has a gestation period of around four months. She will give birth to her young away from others and hide the cubs for the first six weeks of their lives. At birth, the cubs are only around 3 lbs. (1.5 kg). They are also completely dependent on their mother.
Females are the main hunters of the pride. They form hunting parties to round up the fast animals found in their habitat.
Lions also go toe-to-toe with animals much larger than themselves. Lions can kill animals that weigh up to 1,000 lbs.,
Around half of tiger cubs don’t live beyond two years of age.
Tiger cubs leave their mother when they are around 2 years of age.
A group of tigers is known as an ‘ambush’ or ‘streak’.
Rare white tigers carry a gene that is only present in around 1 in every 10000 tigers.
Tigers usually hunt alone at night time.
Tigers have been known to reach speeds up to 65 kph (40 mph).
Less than 10% of hunts end successfully for tigers
Tigers can easily jump over 5 metres in length.
Various tiger subspecies are the national animals of Bangladesh, India, North Korea, South Korea and Malaysia.
There are more tigers held privately as pets than there are in the wild.
Tigers that breed with lions give birth to hybrids known as tigons and ligers.
The tiger is native to Asia but you will find them in many other locations including China.
- Large predators like tigers are an “umbrella species” and protecting them benefits hundreds of other species, including other endangered creatures that share tiger habitat and form biodiversity, a keystone to keeping our planet healthy.
- Tigers can directly help some of the planet’s poorest communities. Where tigers are accessible, tourism increases and supports the local economy. Tiger conservation projects also help provide alternative livelihoods for rural communities that are sustainable and raise income levels
- When animals at the top and the bottom of the food chain start to decline it’s a clear sign that the entire ecosystem is in trouble.
- These ecosystems supply both nature and people with fresh water, food, and many other vital services – which means by saving the tiger, we are saving people too.
- Tigers survive in some of the last great forests of Asia, which are critical not only for their biodiversity but also as stores of carbon that would end up released into the atmosphere if these forests were cut down. By protecting tiger habitat, we help mitigate climate change.
- How to save TIGER:
- END DEMAND FOR TIGER PARTS
- Inform and move consumers of tiger products to change their habits.
- STOP THE BLEEDING
- Ramp upanti-poaching measures.
- Maintain and enforcelaws banning tiger products.
- Restrict and monitortigers in captivity across the globe.
- PROTECT TIGER HABITAT:
- Protect existing parklands, establish new protected areas for tigers and create corridors that connect parklands and allow tigers to roam to find adequate prey and mates for breeding.
- WWF is engaging with the timber, paper and agricultural industries and encouraging them to implement sustainable practices that reduce habitat destruction and degradation.
- TIGER SCIENCE
- Continue critical tiger wildlife research and monitoring techniques, which help improve tiger conservation methods, reduce human-tiger conflict, and keep track of which tiger populations need the most help.
- REDUCE HUMAN-TIGER CONFLICT
- Provide innovative solutions and educational programs to reduce conflict between tigers and local communities
Donate to a tiger research fund. The easiest way to join the effort to save tigers is to donate your money to one (or several) of the various organizations specifically dedicated to saving wildlife.
”Adopt” a tiger. The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) runs an “adopt” a tiger program. You can fund a tiger and the work the WWF is doing to help tigers in the wild by making a monthly payment. In addition to knowing that you are helping this special creature, you also receive a photo and information card of the tiger you are helping to save, along with several other items, including a stuffed animal version of your tiger. Your money will go towards creating reserves for tigers, protection from poachers, and other WWF conservation work
Buy products from sustainable companies. One of the major reasons tigers are endangered is because their home is being destroyed. Illegal logging and forest clearing are destroying the habitat that tigers live in, causing them to become displaced without enough food or land to sustain themselves. One way that you can help is by purchasing your goods from companies that only implement sustainable practices. Purchase 100% post-consumer recycled paper. Look for paper and wood products that are approved by the international Forest Stewardship Council (FSC). The goal of the FSC is to improve forest practices (and therefore end deforestation) around the world
Do not purchase tiger products. Poaching is the number one threat to tigers. Poachers hunt these beautiful creatures illegally–so much so that there are now only an estimated 3,200 tigers left in the wild. Never buy tiger products, either in your own country or while traveling abroad. Do not buy any traditional medicine that is made from tiger parts, such as tiger bone. Traditional Chinese medicine called for the use of tiger bone, and today many chemists still use tiger bone, even though it is illegal and a main part of the reason tigers are endangered.
Save Tigers It is our responsibility
Live and Let Live